NETANYAHU BOMBSHELL: Palestinian leader led Holocaust


Photo: Five SS officers on the staff of Adolf Eichmann who were involved in the extermination of Slovakian Jewry. In the photo Dieter Wisliceny (second from the right); Viktor Nagler (center); Viktor Hahn; Guedler (first name unknown); Franz Matz. – Ghetto Fighters House Archives

 

Intro to: NETANYAHU BOMBSHELL …

Intro by John R. Houk

Posted 11/2/15

In conjunction with the post “Genocidal Jew-Hater Amin al-Husseini,” I found an email notification in my Gmail account I wish I would have read earlier. The email was sent on October 27 from Historical and Investigative Research (HIR) and was in response Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s speech placing the blame for the Holocaust on then Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini inspiring Adolf Hitler.

Unsurprisingly in the Antisemitic climate so pervasive in the world today, Netanyahu has received irascible hostility for his thoughts. By the way in case you have had your head in the sand, Netanyahu’s thoughts on Arab-Muslim Jew-hatred are the result of the latest round of attacks by Arabs who call themselves Palestinians against Israeli Jews with knives. The knife attacks were first incited by PA President Mahmoud Abbas with Hamas having no problem in joining in the indiscriminate targeting of Jewish men, women, and children, young and old.

The HIR article linked to in the email was posted on October 23 right the time of Netanyahu’s speech to the 37th Zionist Congress in Jerusalem. Here is the HIR teaser in the email that then links to the October 23 article:

NETANYAHU BOMBSHELL: Palestinian leader led Holocaust

Sent by HIR

October 27, 2015

Part 1 | Is this true?

Historical and Investigative Research – 23 Oct 2015
by Francisco Gil-White

___

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in a speech to the World Zionist Congress, stated that Hajj Amin al Husseini, the founding father of the Palestinian movement, had convinced the Nazis to exterminate the European Jews. We examine here the evidence relevant to this claim.

___

According to my own opinion, the Grand Mufti [Hajj Amin al Husseini], who has been in Berlin since 1941, played a role in the decision of the German Government to exterminate the European Jews, the importance of which must not be disregarded. He had repeatedly suggested to the various authorities with whom he has been in contact, above all before Hitler, Ribbentrop and Himmler, the extermination of European Jewry. He considered this as a comfortable solution of the Palestine problem. In his messages broadcast from Berlin, he surpassed us in anti-Jewish attacks. He was one of Eichmann’s best friends and has constantly incited him to accelerate the extermination measures. I heard say that, accompanied by Eichmann, he has visited incognito the gas chamber at Auschwitz.

Nuremberg testimony of
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer
Dieter Wisliceny
(Adolf Eichmann’s right-hand man)

READ THE FULL ARTICLE

WATCH THE DOCUMENTARY

This is what I’m going to do. I going to cross post the article and the documentary. The documentary is about 15 minutes long and HIR links to the VIMEO version. There are more video parts that I am not going to cross post, but if you want to be educated on the true nature of the Jew-hating movement inspired by Haj Amin al-Husseini. The article has the video at the top so I am going to actually begin with that. I’m going to use the Youtube version because it is more compatible with all more blog platforms.

 

JRH 11/2/15

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VIDEO: THE NAZIS AND THE PALESTINIAN MOVEMENT

 

Posted by Changeling9au

Published on Jul 30, 2013

!!IMPORTANT UPDATE 28th Oct 2015!! With Netanyahu’s recent comments pertaining to this history, and the media’s and “experts’ ” hysterical reactions to them, a lot of fog has been generated. Carve through the fog here – http://www.hirhome.com/israel/nazis_palestinians_2.htm

For a better version of this video: https://vimeo.com/69991225

See also https://www.youtube.com/user/FACESHIRHOME

Documentation, chapters, and videos at: http://www.hirhome.com/colapso/colapso.htm  [Spanish Language]

See also: http://www.hirhome.com/israel/nazis_palestinians.htm  for an analysis of the likely reason why Youtube are blocking this video in Israel, as well as an analysis of Wikipedia’s whitewash of Haj Amin Al Husseini.

See also: http://www.hirhome.com/israel/netanyahu_bar_ilan_husseini_nazis.htm  for an analysis of Netanyahu’s speech at Bar Ilan University, and why he was forced to make it.

In short, it’s an attempt to placate those who are aware of the history documented in this video. It is likely also an attempt by Netanyahu to kind of cover his back and avoid charges of Treason – http://www.hirhome.com/israel/netanyahu_bar_ilan_husseini_nazis2.htm

Traces the history of PLO/Fatah, now better known as the ‘Palestinian Authority,’ the organization that will govern a future Palestinian State. The video shows how PLO/Fatah emerged from the German Nazi Final Solution. Hajj Amin al Husseini, father of the Palestinian Movement, creator of Fatah, and mentor to Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas, was co-director with Adolf Eichmann of the death camp system that exterminated between 5 and 6 million European Jews in WWII.

JRH 8/2/15

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THE NETANYAHU BOMBSHELL:

Founder of Palestinian movement instigated the Holocaust

Part 1 – Is this true?

Historical and Investigative Research – 23 Oct 2015
by Francisco Gil-White

__

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in a speech to the World Zionist Congress, stated that Hajj Amin al Husseini, the founding father of the Palestinian movement, had convinced the Nazis to exterminate the European Jews. We examine here the evidence relevant to this claim.

__

Read also: The Nazis and the Palestinian Movement

According to my own opinion, the Grand Mufti [Hajj Amin al Husseini], who has been in Berlin since 1941, played a role in the decision of the German Government to exterminate the European Jews, the importance of which must not be disregarded. He had repeatedly suggested to the various authorities with whom he has been in contact, above all before Hitler, Ribbentrop and Himmler, the extermination of European Jewry. He considered this as a comfortable solution of the Palestine problem. In his messages broadcast from Berlin, he surpassed us in anti-Jewish attacks. He was one of Eichmann’s best friends and has constantly incited him to accelerate the extermination measures. I heard say that, accompanied by Eichmann, he has visited incognito the gas chamber at Auschwitz.

Nuremberg testimony of
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer
Dieter Wisliceny
(Adolf Eichmann’s right-hand man)
[11]

Photo: May 17, 1947 – Other Arab States Support Iraq Revolt

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently stated that the father of the Palestinian movement, Hajj Amin al Husseini, convinced the Nazis to exterminate the European Jews. Here is a brief summary of what happened, published by the Jerusalem Post on 21 October 2015:

“In a speech to delegates at the 37th World Zionist Congress in Jerusalem on Tuesday, the premier claimed that Hitler’s original intentions were solely to expel the Jews.

According to Netanyahu, the Fuhrer changed his mind at the insistence of the Palestinian Arab leader at the time, Haj Amin al-Husseini, who argued that the expulsion of the Jews would result in their arrival en masse to Palestine, which at the time was under British Mandatory rule.”[1]

This has created a storm. Immediately, authorities of all sorts were quoted in the media stating that Netanyahu’s claims were outrageous and untrue. I will examine the outraged reactions in a future piece. Here, I examine Netanyahu’s claim in light of the available historical evidence, so that readers may form an opinion as to whether they are true.

For context, I begin with a short summary of what is not in dispute.

First, Hajj Amin al Husseini is the father of the Palestinian movement, and mentor to such figures as Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas, the current leader of this movement.

Second, Husseini organized several mass terrorist attacks against the Jews in British Mandate Palestine. The first was in 1920. Then, after the British made him the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, he used that position to launch new terrorist attacks in 1921, 1929, and 1936-39. The last was called the ‘Arab Revolt’ and Husseini and allies waged it with weapons supplied by Adolf Hitler.

Third, after he left the Mandate in 1939, Husseini went to Iraq to organize a pogrom against the Iraqi Jews that destroyed the Jewish community there (the Farhud).[2]

Fourth, Husseini traveled to Italy and then to Berlin, where he was received with full honors and sat down for a high-profile chat with none-other than the Führer himself. The Nazi film (included in the documentary shown at top right) and a Nazi memorandum of this meeting both survived.

An especially relevant excerpt from that memorandum is the following:

“The Führer then made the following statement to the Mufti, enjoining him to lock it in the uttermost depths of his heart

1. He (the Führer) would carry on the battle to the total destruction of the Judeo-Communist empire in Europe.

2. At some moment which was impossible to set exactly today but which in any event was not distant, the German armies would in the course of this struggle reach the southern exit from Caucasia.

3. As soon as this had happened, the Führer would on his own give the Arab world the assurance that its hour of liberation had arrived. Germany’s objective would then be solely the destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere under the protection of British power…” [3]

So Husseini got assurances from Adolf Hitler that the German Nazis would exterminate the Jews in British Mandate Palestine. This is what the father of the Palestinian movement most wanted.

Fifth, Husseini spent the rest of the war in the German-occupied sphere and played an important role in Nazi propaganda inciting Muslims on the German radio to murder Jews.

Sixth, he recruited and supervised the formation of large SS divisions made up of Bosnian and Albanian Muslims that participated in the massacres of the Yugoslav chapter of the Holocaust (photographic evidence for these latter activities is abundant, and may be found on the internet [Blog Editor: Many of those photos can be found on the HIR webpage. I’m not posting those numerous photos]).

All of the above points are uncontroversial, and for those not specifically footnoted here you may consult the relevant documentation in a different HIR article.[4] You may also consult the documentation put together by The Nation in the 1947 article reproduced at right.

So what is the great brouhaha in the media all about? It is about the following two questions:

1) Did the Nazis, as Netanyahu claims, initially mean to expel the Jews, rather than kill them all?

2) Did Hajj Amin al Husseini, as Netanyahu claims, convince the Nazis to abandon the expulsion programme for a death camp system that would kill every Jew?

There is very little controversy on the point that the Nazis initially meant to expel the European Jews.

At the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, the Attorney General expressed in his opening statements that “At the beginning, when the Nazis were still sensitive to the reaction of world opinion, the solution took the form of forced emigration.” After summarizing at some length that very policy, he states: “The pressure on Jews to emigrate was not discontinued after the outbreak of war.” In fact, “it was only as the invasion of the Soviet Union drew near that the Germans went over to ‘the final solution’ in the new sense, that is, utter physical extermination.” The Attorney General interprets Hermann Goering’s instructions to Heydrich, issued on 31 July 1941, as marking the change to a policy of extermination, but these instructions state explicitly that Goering was giving Heydrich special powers “ ‘In order to complete the mission imposed on you in the order of 24 January 1939, to solve the problem of the Jews by means of emigration or evacuation’ ” (my emphasis). This was the middle of the summer of 1941, and still they were talking about expulsion. It was not until 27 October 1941 that Himmler “issued a decree forbidding any emigration of Jews from the areas of German rule.”[5]

Thus it seems that, until the fall of 1941, to the Nazis ‘Final Solution’ still meant pushing most of the Jews out. As explained in another HIR article on this question,[5a] a number of historians have concluded precisely this from the bulk of the evidence.

For example, Gunnar Paulsson explains that “expulsion”—not extermination—“had initially been the general policy of the Nazis towards the Jews.”[6] Tobias Jersak writes: “Since the 1995 publication of Michael Wildt’s documentation on the SS’s Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst SD) and the ‘Jewish Question,’ it has been undisputed that from 1933 Nazi policy concerning the ‘Jewish Question’ aimed at the emigration of all Jews, preferably to Palestine.”[7] Even after the conquest of Poland, writes Paulsson, “Jewish emigration continued to be permitted and even encouraged, while other expulsion plans were considered.”[8] Christopher Simpson points out that, though many Jews were being murdered, and people such as Reinhard Heydrich of the SS pushed for wholesale extermination, “other ministries” disagreed, and these favored “deportation and resettlement,” though they disagreed about where to put the Jews and how much terror to apply to them.[9]And so, “until the autumn of 1941,” conclude Marrus & Paxton, “no one defined the final solution with precision, but all signs pointed toward some vast and as yet unspecified project of mass emigration.”[10]

It is true that a great many Jews were being killed on the Eastern front, and these deaths of course must be counted in what is called the Shoa (or ‘Holocaust’), but, according to these historians, “until the autumn of 1941” there wasn’t as yet a decision to kill all of the European Jews in death camps. Husseini arrived in Berlin in “the autumn of 1941” (November 1941, to be precise). Husseini thus arrived right on time to argue powerfully in favor of what became the Wannsee Conference decision to kill every last living European Jew. This agrees nicely with Netanyahu’s claims.

But, in fact, the evidence is even more agreeable than this to Netanyahu’s claims.

At his trial, Adolf Eichmann confessed that he made an early trip to British Mandate Palestine in 1939 to see if the Jews could be sent there. Another objective of his trip, he confessed, was to meet with ‘Grand Mufti’ Hajj Amin al Husseini.[10a] So Husseini had ample opportunity to argue influentially in favor of total extermination well before November of 1941, for he was in contact with the very Nazi leaders who wanted to send the Jews to Palestine much earlier than that (something that is obvious, anyway, from German Nazi shipments of weapons to Husseini’s terrorists during the so-called ‘Arab Revolt’ of 1936-39). Nothing necessarily hinges, therefore, on Husseini’s arrival in Berlin, or on the exact date of the first killings to be labeled ‘Holocaust,’ as many seem to think.

Finally, according to Dieter Wisliceny, right-hand man to Adolf Eichmann, Husseini did contribute to the Nazi decision to create a death camp system, precisely in the manner that Netanyahu claims.

After the war, and prior to his execution for crimes against humanity, Wisliceny was asked to comment on the testimony of one Eng. Andrej or (Endre) Steiner. During the war, according to Steiner’s testimony, Wisliceny had stated that the Mufti Husseini had played an important role convincing the Nazis to opt for extermination. Wisliceny confirmed the testimony. This was all summarized by State Attorney Bach at the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem:

[Excerpt from the Eichmann trial transcript begins here]

 

State Attorney Bach: This is our document No. 281. Mr. Steiner first tells us that Wisliceny described his talks with Eichmann, why Palestine cannot be considered as the destination for emigration: “When I asked him why, he laughed and asked whether I had never heard of the Grand Mufti Husseini. He explained that the Mufti has very close contact and cooperation with Eichmann, and therefore Germany cannot agree to Palestine being the final destination, as this would be a blow to Germany’s prestige in the Mufti’s eyes.”

 

Then he goes on: “At this further conversation Wisliceny gave me more details about the cooperation between Eichmann and the Mufti. The Mufti is a sworn enemy of the Jews and has always fought for the idea of annihilating the Jews. He sticks to this idea always, also in his talks with Eichmann” – and here we have one of the points about which Wisliceny has reservations – “who, as you know, is a German who was born in Palestine. The Mufti is one of the originators of the systematic destruction of European Jewry by the Germans, and he has become a permanent colleague, partner and adviser to Eichmann and Himmler in the implementation of this programme.”

 

Here Wisliceny adds: “I have read these descriptions and find them correct, except for this, that Eichmann was born in Palestine, and that the Mufti was a permanent partner of Himmler’s; this is not what I said.”[11]

 

[Excerpt from the Eichmann trial transcript ends here]

Wisliceny, an eyewitness to the relationship between the Mufti Husseini and Eichmann, agreed to everything that Steiner had said except for the bit about Eichmann having been born in Palestine and about his relationship with Himmler. So Wisliceny agreed that “The Mufti is one of the originators of the systematic destruction of European Jewry by the Germans”—in other words, that he had played an important role in the decision to set up the death camp system.

Those who disagree with Netanyahu cannot simply express ‘outrage’ and claim, in the abstract, that Netanyahu is wrong. No matter that they consider themselves great ‘authorities’ invested with institutional prestige. No matter that they claim to speak for Yad Vashem, or ‘Holocaust survivors,’ or the ‘Jewish people’ or ‘real’ or ‘serious’ historians—or any other category of presumed scientific or moral authority which they hope will seem like a big enough stick to beat Netanyahu with. The sources are the sources. If Netanyahu’s detractors wish to disagree with the sources that support his claims, they must speak directly to their content and make a specific argument. That is the sport of historical interpretation. We’ll be waiting.

In closing, I will add that I find the moral arguments brandished to attack Netanyahu especially interesting. And they are most revealing, I believe, about a number of things, including who really has influence over media content, and which forces are ultimately responsible for shaping Israeli politics. I shall have much to say about this in a future piece, soon to come.

Read also:

How did the ‘Palestinian movement’ emerge? The British sponsored it. Then the German Nazis, and the US. http://www.hirhome.com/israel/pal_mov4.htm

The CIA protected Adolf Eichmann, architect of the Holocaust
Has the US ruling elite been pushing a pro-Nazi policy? http://www.hirhome.com/israel/eichmann.htm

PLO/Fatah’s Nazi training was CIA-sponsored http://www.hirhome.com/israel/cia-fatah.htm

The Collapse of the West: The Next Holocaust and its Consequences http://www.hirhome.com/colapso/colapso.htm

Footnotes and Further Reading:

[1] “Palestinian mufti convinced Hitler to massacre Europe’s Jews, Netanyahu says”; Jerusalem Post; 21 October 2015. http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Politics-And-Diplomacy/Palestinian-mufti-convinced-Hitler-to-massacre-Europes-Jews-Netanyahu-says-427592

[2] Black, E. (2010). The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance in the Holocaust. Washington DC: Dialog Press. http://www.farhudbook.com/

[3] Author: Germany. Auswärtiges Amt. Title: Documents on German foreign policy, 1918-1945, from the archives of the German Foreign Ministry. Akten zur deutschen auswärtigen Politik. English Publisher: Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1949- Description: Book v. fold. maps. 24 cm. [Series D, Vol. XIII no. 515] http://www.hirhome.com/israel/muftihitler.htm

[4] “How did the ‘Palestinian movement’ emerge? The British sponsored it. Then the German Nazis, and the US.”; from UNDERSTANDING THE PALESTINIAN MOVEMENT; 13 June 2006; by Francisco Gil-White http://www.hirhome.com/israel/pal_mov4.htm

[5] SOURCE: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann, Sessions 6-7-8. http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/e/eichmann-adolf/transcripts/Sessions/Session-006-007-008-05.html

[5a] “The Nazis and the Palestinian Movement: Documentary and discussion”; Historical and Investigative Research; 26 July 2013; by Francisco Gil-White http://www.hirhome.com/israel/nazis_palestinians.htm

[6] Paulsson, G. S. (1995). The ‘Bridge over the Oresund’: The Historiography on the Expulsion of the Jews from Nazi-Occupied Denmark. Journal of Contemporary History, 30(3), 431-464. (p.442)

[7] Jersak, T. (2000). Blitzkrieg revisited: A new look at Nazi war and extermination planning. The historical journal, 43(2), 565-582 (p.571)

[8] Paulsson, G. S. (1995). The ‘Bridge over the Oresund’: The Historiography on the Expulsion of the Jews from Nazi-Occupied Denmark. Journal of Contemporary History, 30(3), 431-464. (p.442)

[9] Simpson, C. (1995). The Splendid Blond Beast: Money, Law, and Genocide in the Twentieth Century. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press. (p.77)

[10] Marrus, M. R., & Paxton, R. O. (1982). The Nazis and the Jews in occupied Western Europe, 1940-1944. Journal of modern history, 54, 687-714. (p.687)

[10a] Here follows what Eichmann stated on the question of an early meeting with Hajj Amin al Husseini:

[Prosecution lawyer] Q. You have told us of your programme to “put soil under the feet” of the Jewish people. I assume that this was not your personal invention. Could you tell us who were the righteous men who conceived this programme: Heydrich, Himmler, Streicher, Rosenberg – which one of them?

[Eichmann] A. As far as I know, at that time, when I tried to sell this idea within the Service, no one else expressed it.

Q. Only you?

A. At that time, in any event, I did not hear it from anyone else and I also know that this idea was, at that time, ridiculed and scoffed at by some. My impetus came from Adolf Boehm’s book, and there I recognized the root of all evil in the homelessness of this people, and I made no bones about it, within my official sphere of service.

Q. And a clear expression of the need to give this people a homeland, you gave, for instance, in the report about your journey to Palestine in 1939, correct?

A. This is not my report. I have said so myself, and it was confirmed recently in testimony by the person who had then been the superior in command of both myself and the author.

Q. That is not correct, but let me refer only to what you have stated. You have said, in your interrogation, that this report had been corrected by you in your handwriting. This appears on page 341 and 342 of your Statement, where you said that the report had been shown to you before being passed on. Is that correct?

A. I corrected it, but only the spelling, as one can easily find out.

Q. Your journey was designed among other things, to establish contact with Hajj Amin al-Husseini, isn’t that correct?

A. The purpose was, first, to get to know the land and its people, and secondly, to establish contact with all kinds of persons.

Q. I am talking about Hajj Amin al-Husseini.

A. If this were possible, yes, that too, of course.

Q. One of the objects of your journey was to establish contact with Hajj Amin al-Husseini, is that correct? “Yes” or “no”?

A. Yes, that too.

SOURCE: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann, Session 90. http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/e/eichmann-adolf/transcripts/Sessions/Session-090-01.html

[11] http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/e/eichmann-adolf/transcripts/Sessions/Session-050-07.html

For the Rudolf Kastner testimony, also confirmed by Wisliceny at Nuremberg,see the reproduction of the relevant pages, below, of:

Pearlman, M. (1947). Mufti of Jerusalem: The story of Haj Amin el Husseini. London: V Gollancz. (pp.71-73)

Photo: Mufti of Jerusalem: The story of Haj Amin el Husseini

_______________________

Edited by John R. Houk

Any comment text enclosed by brackets are by the Editor

How Historical and Investigative Research (HIR) came to be…

SHORT SUMMARY

Historical and Investigative Research was created to make important documentation available to the general public, because the academic system is rife with politically biased censorship when it comes to examining the foreign policy of the United States.

Francisco Gil-White found out about this censorship the hard way, when, as a result of his discovery of the vastly important research done by Jared Israel and other journalists at Emperor’s Clothes, he began investigating the official and media representation of the civil wars in the former Yugoslavia, and the relationship of the US government to terrorist forces in that country. Without ever complaining that Gil-White had made a single error of documentation, Gil-White’s employer, the University of Pennsylvania psychology department, began harassing the young assistant professor, making it clear that it didn’t want him doing this kind of research. But Gil-White ignored this and continued his work, casting his eye now also on the Arab-Israeli conflict, for there appeared to be some interesting similarities in the demonization of Serbs and Jews. In time, he published a documentation of PLO origins, showing that this organization traced its roots to the German Nazi Final Solution (the most complete documentation on this is here), which explained why it was chartered to exterminate the Israeli Jews.

After this, Gil-White was threatened with the loss of his job unless he ceased doing this kind of investigative work. Francisco Gil-White has now been fired from the University of Pennsylvania despite READ THE REST

Genocidal Jew-Hater Amin al-Husseini


An Introduction by John R. Houk

© October 31, 2015

About a week ago in Jerusalem Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke at the World Zionist Organization’s 37th Zionist Congress. At the Congress the Prime Minister spoke of the Jerusalem Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini’s participation in Hitler’s Holocaust against the Jews which resulted in their brutal murders to the tune of about SIX MILLION human beings by the end of 1945.

It boggles my mind that the Leftist media has joined in a chorus of heated criticism of Netanyahu’s finger-pointing at al-Husseini as a joint Holocaust instigator with Hitler. SO WHAT if Netanyahu was off about the degree of pivotal involvement in convincing Hitler to cleanse Europe of Jews rather than deport them?

The real point should be that al-Husseini cooperated so much with Hitler’s Final Solution against European Jews that he brought the Nazi Jew-hatred ideology back to Muslim dominated areas inspiring genocidal concepts against Jews that continue to this very day. This is evidenced in particular by the Arabs who call themselves Palestinians current murder spree against Jews in Israel.

Haj Amin al-Husseini

Below is a Middle East Forum backgrounder on al-Husseini followed by a more in depth look at the dead Jew-hater by Pamela Geller.

JRH 10/31/15

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Backgrounder: Hajj Amin al-Husseini

Compiled by Gary C. Gambill

October 30, 2015

Middle East Forum

MEF backgrounders highlight select news-relevant research and analysis from Middle East Forum staff, fellows, and publications. Sign up to the MEF mailing list to stay abreast of our work.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu caused a storm of controversy on October 20 by quoting Hajj Amin al-Husseini, the infamous grand mufti of Jerusalem during the interwar years, as having told Adolf Hitler in 1941 to “burn” rather than deport the Jews of Europe, insinuating that this influenced the unfolding Nazi genocide.

Hitler and Husseini in Berlin, November 1941

While the veracity of this quote is in question, few dispute that Husseini could well have said something to this effect given his genocidal hatred of Jews, penchant for blood-curdling rhetoric, and determination to prevent Jewish immigration to Palestine. However, opinions differ sharply, even among MEF staff and fellows, as to the degree of Hussein’s influence, both in Nazi Germany and the Middle East.

MEF Hochberg Family Writing Fellow Wolfgang G. Schwanitz, coauthor of Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East (2014), argues that two components of this question are unmistakably clear. First, Husseini’s overarching goal prior to and during Hitler’s reign, he notes, was that “whatever happens with Jews under Hitler’s reign in Europe, they should not come to the Middle East.” At the very least, the Germans understood that deportation as a solution to Europe’s “Jewish Question” risked alienating their top protégé in the Arab world – a region they expected in 1941-42 to be invading soon.

Second, Schwanitz notes that the historical record shows the mufti to be unquestionably the “foremost extra-European adviser in the process to destroy the Jews of Europe.” Adolf Eichmann and his subordinates frequently briefed Husseini as the genocide unfolded, “as if to reassure him that Hitler had not changed his mind,” he writes in a forthcoming article.

Husseini (left), Indian nationalist leader Subhash Chandra Bose, and Iraqi leader Rashid Ali al-Gaylani in Berlin, 1943

In contrast, MEF fellow Jeffrey Herf, author of Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World (2010), contends that the Husseini’s “importance in Nazi Berlin lay far more in assisting the Third Reich’s Arabic language propaganda … and in mobilizing Muslims in Eastern Europe to support the Nazi regime.” Although these achievements surely facilitated Nazi atrocities, Hitler “made the decisions to implement the Final Solution and had communicated those decisions to key actors in the Nazi regime at the latest a month before his [1941] meeting with Husseini.”

Whatever his role in the Holocaust, MEF staff and fellows widely agree that Husseini was a critical ideological progenitor of Middle Eastern extremism today. The mufti was among the first to “exploit the draw of the Islamic holy places in Jerusalem to find international Muslim support” for the anti-Zionist cause, notes MEF President Daniel Pipes, a theme very much in evidence today among Palestinian Islamists.

Moreover, Husseini “can be largely held responsible for the Middle East’s endemic antisemitism,” writes Daniel Pipes in a recent Washington Times op-ed, pointing to his postwar tutelage of Yasser Arafat and other rising Palestinian figures, as well the Muslim Brotherhood during his stay in Egypt after the Nazi defeat.

Hitler’s Mein Kampf has been a bestseller in the Middle East since the 1930s.

As Boris Havel illustrates in a recent Middle East Quarterly article, Husseini’s propaganda traced “alleged Jewish power and ambitions” in the here and now “to supposed Jewish activities at the time of Muhammad,” a theological innovation that is today a staple of Islamist discourse.

Because of Husseini, there remains an “inescapable and inextricable connection between Islamists … and the Nazi movement” today, MEF Director Gregg Roman told Al-Jazeera English on October 22. In an early Middle East Quarterly article, famed Princeton University historian Bernard Lewis notes (without specific reference to Husseini) the “astonishing degree” to which “the ideas, the literature, even the crudest inventions of the Nazis and their predecessors have been internalized and Islamized” in the Middle East.

At the same time, it is important not to overstate Husseini’s influence. When the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) placed ads on Philadelphia buses displaying a photo of Husseini and Hitler with a caption reading “Adolf Hitler and his staunch ally, the leader of the Muslim world,” Daniel Pipes cautioned that the “text is factually inaccurate,” calling Husseini “a British appointee in the Mandate for Palestine, where Muslims constituted less than 1 percent of the total world Muslim population.”

Compiled by Middle East Forum web editor Gary C. Gambill

+++

Pamela Geller, WND Column: Netanyahu tells truth about mufti’s role in Holocaust

By Pamela Geller

October 29, 2015

Pamela Geller – Atlas Shrugs

The mufti of Jerusalem, Muhammad Hajj Amin Husseini, visits the volunteer Nazi Waffen-SS division in Bosnia, made up of Bosnian Muslims

If case you missed my column at WND this week:

DEFENDING THE WEST
Netanyahu tells truth about mufti’s role in Holocaust

Exclusive: Pamela Geller defends Bibi against onslaught of media attack

The condemnations have been way over the top: Benjamin Netanyahu is being denounced by the media and political elites all over the world, in a way that the openly genocidal jihadist Mahmoud Abbas never has been. Netanyahu’s crime? He told the Zionist Congress last Tuesday, “Hitler didn’t want to exterminate the Jews at the time; he wanted to expel the Jews.” Netanyahu quoted Hitler asking the mufti, “So what should I do with them?” The mufti responded, according to Netanyahu, “Burn them.’”

Those who are excoriating Netanyahu for this are overlooking one fact: Netanyahu was right.

The mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, lived in Berlin from 1941 to 1945 and recruited a Muslim SS division for Hitler. And Netanyahu was correct: The Nazis originally pursued a policy of exiling Jews to Eastern Europe, and even to Palestine – until the mufti protested that they must not be sent there. The decision to exterminate the Jews came soon after that.

It is good to see that Netanyahu is not backing down. He called the criticism of his remarks “absurd,” which it is: Netanyahu’s remarks mirror my ads highlighting the role of the Muslim world during the Holocaust, and Netanyahu is experiencing the same blowback from Islamic supremacists and Islamic apologists that I got.

The premier front man for the failed idea that we should place all our hope in “moderate Islam,” Daniel Pipes, claimed several months ago that our ad campaign in Philadelphia calling attention to the mufti’s relationship with Hitler was a failure. Pipes took issue with our factual assertions, asserting that the mufti’s meeting with Hitler was a “one-time, opportunistic consultation.” Really? Tell that to the 400,000 Jewish women and children Husseini sent to their deaths at Nazi concentration camps. Tell that to the victims of the Muslim armies in Bosnia that Husseini raised for Hitler.

Pamela Geller’s commitment to freedom from jihad and Shariah shines forth in her books – featured at the WND Superstore

Al-Husseini lived in Berlin during World War II on Hitler’s dime and made weekly radio addresses from Berlin to the Axis power nations and the Muslim world. In one, he screamed: “Arabs, rise and fight as one for your sacred rights. Kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases Allah, history and religion. This saves your honor, Allah is with you.”

The mufti made similar appeals, always pointing to the Quran, time and time again in his radio addresses during the war. He organized propaganda services to the Muslims of the world from Berlin. He used Axis radio stations calling Muslims to arms in a holy war against the Allies. He aided the Nazi espionage service. He raised Muslim parachute groups for sabotage in the Middle East. He raised Muslim formations to fight the allies. He helped in the Nazi plan to exterminate nearly 6 million Jews.

“Hitler,” Netanyahu said in further remarks after the media firestorm began, “was responsible for the Final Solution to exterminate six million Jews; he made the decision. It is equally absurd to ignore the role played by the mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini, a war criminal, for encouraging and urging Hitler.”

Right again. At my website, PamelaGeller.com, I have been calling attention to this for years. SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Dieter Wisliceny, a close collaborator of Adolf Eichmann, testified that “the grand mufti, who had been in Berlin since 1941, played a role in the decision of the German government to exterminate the European Jews the importance of which must not be disregarded. He had repeatedly suggested to the various authorities with whom he had been in contact, above all before Hitler, Ribbentrop and Himmler, the extermination of European jury. He considers this as a comfortable solution of the Palestine problem. In his messages broadcast from Berlin, he surpassed us in anti-Jewish attacks. He was one of Eichmann’s best friends and has constantly incited him to accelerate the extermination measures. I heard say that, accompanied by Eichmann, he has visited incognito the gas chamber it Auschwitz.”

Eichmann made the statement referred to in the affidavit in his office in Budapest on June 4, 1944; the confirmation by Wisliceny was given some days later also in Budapest.

To his Eminence the Grand Mufti, a Souvenir, July 4, 1943” H. Himmler

Not only that: According to testimony at the Nuremberg trials, “[T]he mufti was a bitter arch enemy of the Jews and had always been the protagonist of the idea of their annihilation. This idea the mufti had always advanced in his conversations with Eichmann.”

The mufti’s role in the Holocaust has been covered up. The New York Post reported back in 1948 that “on Aug. 28, 1946, Dean Acheson, then Acting Secretary of State, announced that ‘the State Dept. is preparing a White Paper concerning the activities of the ex-Mufti of Jerusalem.’ Acheson said the publication would be in the form of a book, which would cover all the documents concerning the ex-Mufti seized from German files. This White Paper has not yet been published, although 17 months have passed. What keeps the State Dept. from publishing it? Who is interested in the delay? Are all the documents safe?”

That delay has now continued for nearly seventy years. The white paper was never published. I submitted a Freedom of Information Act request several years ago, asking for a copy of it, as well as of all State Department correspondence relating to it. The State Department responded that such a white paper did not exist and had never existed, and that there was no correspondence about it.

So what did happen to that promised white paper? Under whose auspices, and for what reason, has the mufti’s role in the Holocaust been shrouded in silence?

Netanyahu did the world a great service by calling attention to this. The intensity of the attacks against him only testifies to how much he struck a nerve. In the mainstream media, Islam and Muslims must never, ever be criticized. We may only hope that the controversy will lead to some of the details being revealed about the mufti’s role in Hitler’s genocide.

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Genocidal Jew-Hater Amin al-Husseini

An Introduction by John R. Houk

© October 31, 2015

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Backgrounder: Hajj Amin al-Husseini

 

This text may be reposted or forwarded so long as it is presented as an integral whole with complete and accurate information provided about its author, date, place of publication, and original URL.

 

©1994-2015 The Middle East Forum

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Pamela Geller, WND Column: Netanyahu tells truth about mufti’s role in Holocaust

 

About Pamela Geller

 

Pamela Geller is the founder, editor and publisher of Atlas Shrugs.com and President of the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) and Stop Islamization of America (SIOA). She is the author of The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration’s War on America, with Robert Spencer (foreword by Ambassador John Bolton) (Simon & Schuster) and Stop the Islamization of America: A Practical Guide to the Resistance (WND Books). She is also a regular columnist for World Net Dailythe American ThinkerBreitbart.com and other publications.

 

Geller’s activism on behalf of human rights has won international notice. She is a foremost defender of the freedom of speech against attempts to force the West to accept Sharia blasphemy laws, and against Sharia self-censorship by Western media outlets. Her First Amendment lawsuits filed nationwide have rolled back attempts to limit Americans’ free speech rights and limit speech to only one political perspective, and exposed attempts to make an end-run around the First Amendment by illegitimately restricting access to public fora. Her free speech event in Garland, Texas led to the capture or killing of several murderous jihadists, smoking out terror cells, leading to an increase in the threat level to BRAVO and to the consequent arrests of jihadists in several states.

 

Geller has also led awareness campaigns in U.S., Europe, and Israel on behalf of the victims and potential victims of honor killing, for the human rights of apostates from Islam, for the freedom of speech, and more. She has placed ads nationwide on READ THE REST

The Knockout


In America Conservatives warn how the Left Wing Obama transformation is turning the USA into a pariah among allies and destroying America’s culture with unconstitutional executive actions plugging a Leftist utopianism. Counterjihad writers warn of how Islam is NOT conducive to the development of Western culture, indeed Islam’s very nature is antithetical to Western Heritage and to the U.S. Constitution.

Stabbing Jews is “a symphony of love for Jerusalem:”

Ari Bussel writes about how Israel’s complacency to Islamic terrorism and Arab lies from those calling themselves Palestinians is slowly destroying the Jewish State from within. The Left/Right similarities between the two allies – USA and Israel – is quite stunning. The only real difference between the USA’s and Israel’s political situations is that Israel’s situation is existential. If America’s Left maintains its transformation agenda I have no doubt the Home of the Free and the Land of the Brave will face an existential threat.

JRH 10/19/15

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The Knockout

Israel, Yes, You Can

By Ari Bussel

Sent: 10/18/2015 3:02 PM

For the past two weeks, I stood witness to what was taking place in Israel. It started outside the walls of Jerusalem, and very quickly crept right inside. From there, it spread throughout the country.

Young men and women, some in their teens, answered the call of their president who falsely claimed that the Jews were defiling the Al Aqsa mosque with their filthy feet.

“We will not allow them to enter, and we will do everything in our power to protect our Jerusalem.” [Mahmoud Abbas]

Thus started the concert of bloodshed. A righteous and courageous one indeed against the Jews’ “delusional myths,” one in which stabbing Jews is “a symphony of love for our Jerusalem.”

All that one needs to do is read the Palestinian Media Watch [http://www.palwatch.org/] daily bulletin, bringing the clips and excerpts of the words of hatred in origin.

Abbas thus unleashed wave after wave of terrorists, and against them stood at ready a most sophisticated propaganda machine. One terrorist blows herself up in a car filled with tanks of gas, clearly – lied the Israel haters – she was horrified due to an electric failure that she immediately turned and shouted “Allah U Akbar.”

A boy of 13 using a knife to try and murder another boy [See HERE] his age not only did nothing wrong, according to the propagandists, but was then executed by the Israelis. The fact the boy was receiving treatment in a private room at Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem mattered not to these deceivers.

13 year old Islamic Terrorist Ahmad Manasra

The terrorists are all “innocent,” the Israelis are all “executioners.”

Israel had to defend herself on two fronts, happening simultaneously: terrorists attacking civilians in the streets and a most oiled propaganda machine spewing lies.

Security Cabinet member Dr. Yuval Steinitz along with the Director General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs invited the foreign press to a special media briefing and two days later Prime Minister Netanyahu briefed the press corps as well. In these briefings, we were introduced to the hatred and incitement by the PA and its president, which made little impression other than the obligatory “oh, how dreadful.” The questions by the foreign press left no doubt where the wind was blowing among the members of the international press.

Some in the Israeli media were quick to criticize Netanyahu for waiting two weeks to convene such a press briefing, and others wonder to this day why Israel’s public diplomacy machine is not fighting back against the torrent of lies.

While I do not buy the attacks against Netanyahu (a favorite pastime here in Israel, thus obligatory outside of Israel), the question of why Israel is not fighting the way only she knows how to fight – i.e. to win – remains relevant. At present, she is not doing anything other than trying to restore calm to the streets, peace to her citizens.

Thus, while Netanyahu and his government were trying to wade off the onslaught of terrorists locally and attacks internationally (the Los Angeles Times along with Israel’s usual detractors were busy at work doing what they do best – selling papers blaming Israel and the Jews for the ills of the world, twisting reality so that Israel a priori is found guilty in the court of public opinion), Abbas was planning the next round.

Hamas, usually a foe of Abbas, already made promises: Anyone caught while trying to free Jerusalem of the Occupier-Jews will be released at the earliest opportunity of prisoners exchange (they are already working on kidnapping a soldier or civilians to force such an exchange). They called for armed resistance inside the Green Line and throughout Occupied Palestine and went as far as easing restrictions on Fatah militia inside Gaza, all for the common goal of attacking and defeating the Zionist enemy.

While these fronts will eventually be manageable, and in the foreseeable future other parts of the world – from Jordan to Paris and London and even Washington, D.C., New York and San Francisco – will have to turn to Israel to copy from her the lessons learned at subduing and conquering such terrorism, Abbas, the master-chess-player, is already several steps ahead.

He has prepared the ground of lies for all too long. Israel, we have been told for eight long years, is planning to topple the third holiest place for Muslims. Israel is defiling the holy mountain. Israel is fabricating a claim to the place, where in reality she has no connection whatsoever. Israel is changing the status quo and executing innocent Arabs right and left, without stop.

How can the world stand silent in view of such an egregious behavior? How can any honorable human being with even a tiny bit of compassion allow such atrocities to continue? Abbas knows how easily the world is fooled and all too anxious to turn against Israel.

The concert continues: blood spilled all over. Not the blood of the Jewish victims by Arab terrorists, but the blood of “innocent” Arabs (i.e. perpetrators of these attacks). Even the spokesperson of the U.S. Department of State joined, admonishing Israel for using “excessive force.”

The screen is so full of the flowing rivers of blood that one cannot see anything else, one cannot think of anything but Israel’s newly found pastime: Genocide!

Thus, stood the French with the utmost bravery, and declared: International Observers to Jerusalem!

Abbas, busy at work at the moment to change the Western Wall to an international heritage site of the “Palestinians,” raised his hands, the hands of a victor, and proclaimed: “Knockout!”

He is so close to declaring “Checkmate,” that one is holding one’s breath with anticipation. Just let the Israelis and the Jews remain busy at the immediate. While they are focused on putting out fires, he is ready to have the world crown Al Quds (previously known, for a shameful period of time, as Jerusalem) as the eternal capital of “Palestine.”

Long live the King. The world is crazed with hatred for the Jews, and thus will follow whatever lies it is told. No one checks the facts, uses common sense or bothers with a reality-check. It is easier to beat the Jews, for secretly, we all wish for them to be gone.

It is time for Netanyahu to convene a Kitchen Cabinet of people he can trust, those who think outside the box. People who will not follow the status quo and what Israel has been engaged in doing, but will focus instead on fighting in the one arena that is completely desolate of any Jewish or Israeli fighters: the international public diplomacy front, in the court of public opinion.

For even if Israel manages to get up from one knockout after the next, the boos and rotten tomatoes thrown at her will eventually hit. The tomatoes have already been replaced with stones, and these with knives. Eventually, Israel might be left body parts strewn everywhere, as the crowd is overjoyed beyond its wildest dreams.

In a war one must fight. And Abbas is a very sleek and sophisticated enemy. He is playing the long game, while the world simply reacts to the effects of his lies. Time to fight Abbas, and Israel—yes, you can!

Palestinians Rage – Jewish Civilians Attacked


Joseph’s Tomb Torched by Crazy Palestinians 10/16/15

John R. Houk

October 18, 2015

Israel has been blasted with Jew-hatred from Arabs that call themselves Palestinians. The murderous attacks have largely been committed by Muslim teens who have been brainwashed to hate Jews and the Jewish state of Israel from the time they were in their cradles.

Palestinian Muslims are walking about stabbing Jews and torching Jewish holy sites. Mahmoud Abbas started this lunacy with the false accusation that the two mosques on the Temple Mount were being overrun by Jews whose “filthy feet” should never touch because it is Islam’s. I’ve got news for you Abbas the Temple Mount was Jewish thousands of years before Mohammed was born. Since the Jews can torch the Jewish holy site (appreciated by Christians for that matter) of Joseph’s Tomb around the Judea-Samaria town of Nablus, Jews should take over the Temple Mount and blow off those sacrilegious mosques to H-E-double-hockey-sticks!

Evidently Hamas didn’t want Abbas to steal all the blood curdling glory because they have called for a day of rage. How Palestinian of them. Screw political correctness and deport these haters out of Judea-Samaria (called the West Bank by Muslims and idiot Westerners) and Gaza then do whatever is necessary to keep them out.

Below is some information pointed out to me by Ari Bussel a couple of days ago. It includes reports by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the Israel Government Press Office (GPO).

JRH 10/17/15

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PM Netanyahu Holds Press Conference for the International Media

(Communicated by the Prime Minister’s Media Adviser)

[text sent as an attachment by Ari Bussel 10/15/15]

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today (Thursday, 15 October 2015), at the Foreign Ministry, held a press conference for the foreign press, along with Foreign Ministry Director General Dr. Dore Gold and National Security Adviser Yossi Cohen.

Prime Minister Netanyahu: “The current terror campaign in Israel is a result of continuous Palestinian incitement. First, on the al-Aqsa Mosque and the outrageous claims that we are changing the status quo there or intend to destroy it, and now we have a new big lie.

That new big lie is that Israel is executing Palestinians. Yesterday, President Mahmoud Abbas accused Israel of putting to death, executing an innocent Palestinian boy.

First of all, he’s not dead – he’s alive. Second, he’s not innocent – he tried to kill, murder, knife to death an innocent Israeli youngster, 13-years-old, riding a bicycle. This Palestinian terrorist is now being treated in Hadassah hospital in Israel.

The only way that we can fight this big lie and all the other lies that are hurled at Israel and spread in the Palestinian social network and from there to the world, is to tell the truth. This is what we will do today. We expect all our friends and anyone concerned with the facts and the truth to look at these facts, to see the truth and not to draw a false symmetry between Israeli citizens and those who would stab them and knife them to death. Thank you.”

Please click here for an English PowerPoint presentation [the link is in Hebrew but there is a download link for the PowerPoint which is the same as the PDF] on Palestinian incitement.

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[Blog Editor: Below is a PDF from the Israel GPO dated October 15. Just for clarity I posted a similar press release that was dated October 14. In this October 15 press release I have edited out portions that are essentially repeats of October 14.]

The Facts

GPO Press Conference

10/15/15

No Change in the Status Quo

• The Temple Mount is open to Muslim prayer only.

• Muslims pray there regularly.

No Change in the Status Quo

• Christians, Jews and others may not pray on the Temple Mount.

• They may visit at specific times – Sunday-Thursday, 7:00-11:00 am – Not on Muslim holidays

• They do not enter the mosque.

No Change in the Status Quo

Israel scrupulously safeguards the holy sites of all faiths in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Palestinian Incitement

Incitement to Violence by Hamas Spokesman Mushir Al-Masri

 Al-Masri

“The Jerusalem Intifada has been launched… We must all join the Jerusalem Intifada – all the Palestinian factions. ”

“The knife is our choice.”

Video: How to Murder Israelis

[Original PDF did not open – I found another that I downloaded but I’m unsure if it was GPO intended video. Video found originally HERE.]

VIDEO: Stab Jews Educational Video

https://realtimes.real.com/e/jhkawY?autoplay=false&w=1280

 

This Incitement Leads Directly to Murder

October 3th

– Muhannad Halabi murders Nehemia Lavi and Aharon Benita.

– Before the attack, Halabi wrote on his Facebook page:

“There is only one al-Quds…. It must be protected.”

This Incitement Leads Directly to Murder

October 7th

– Thamer Wareidat stabs an Israeli civilian in Petah Tikva.

– Two days earlier, he replaced his Facebook page picture with one of al-Aqsa.

This Incitement Leads Directly to Murder

October 9th

– Muhammad Ja’abri stabs a police officer in Kiryat Arba.

– 14 hours earlier, Ja’abri updated his Facebook page to include pictures of al-Aqsa and a call to “fight for its liberation.”

This Incitement Leads Directly to Murder

October 13th

– Bilal Abu Ghannam and Baha’a Alyan murder two Israelis on a bus in Jerusalem.

– Two days before the attack, Abu Ghannam spoke to Alyan and suggested carrying out an attack in the name of al-Aqsa.

Other examples abound.

Terror Attacks

Terrorist Attacks Against Israelis

Palestinian terror in the past month

23 Stabbing and other attacks

8 Israelis murdered

70 Israelis wounded

The Big Lies

Lie Number 1

Israel is changing the status quo on the Temple Mount

Lie Number 2

Israel is executing innocent Palestinians

President Abbas on the terrorist stabbing from Jerusalem – Oct 12

“The Israelis execute our children in cold blood, as they did to this boy Ahmad Manasra”

Lies by PLO Secretary General Sa’eb Erekat – On Palestinian terrorists who perpetrated murderous attacks against Israelis

“Israel is killing civilians and children in field executions.”

The Truth About Ahmad Manasra

 
He is not innocent                                     His victim is innocent

 

VIDEO [of Palestinian knife attacks]: Pisgat Ze’ev Stabbing – October 12

 

Published by IsraeliPM

Published on Oct 15, 2015

(This video is unlisted. Be considerate and think twice before sharing. Ergo might be pulled)

CCTV footage of stabbing of Israelis by Palestinian terrorists.

He [Ahmad Manasra] wasn’t executed. He was apprehended and is now in Hadassah Hospital

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Here is some updated info as of October 17 (I’m unsure if link automatically updates) from Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs:

Wave of terror October 2015

17 Oct 2015

The Youth Intifada


Ari Bussel editorializes about the Islamic terrorism perpetuated by Arabs who call themselves Palestinians. He is telling the Israeli Jews to WAKE UP! These so-called Palestinians DO NOT want peace. They want the SECOND Holocaust of Jews and the utter destruction of Israel.

America and the EU ignore this fact and are continuously applying pressure to grant these Jew-hating Muslim a Palestinian State that will only have ONE PURPOSE – the obliteration of Israel and the driving of the Jews into the sea. WAKE UP America! The Obama and Establishment Republican catering to a group maniacal Muslims THEN would come our way.

And then will come the Islamic State, toppling down Egypt and Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. And then in the end, there will be silence. –Ari Bussel

JRH 10/16/15

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The Youth Intifada

The Song of David

By Ari Bussel

Sent: 10/15/2015 1:22 AM

“We must be free not because we claim freedom, but because we practice it.” William Faulkner

Now we have a name for it: The Youth Intifada. And I thought it was the Jerusalem (Al Aqsa) Intifada, since the perpetrators are all from Jerusalem and claim to themselves and the world they are protecting the Al Aqsa mosque.

With blood the land will be reclaimed! Really, it is the only manner for the Arab youth in Israel to express its frustration, as the negotiations since Oslo have been going nowhere: 22 years and counting.

In the Arab world, the vast majority of males are under the age of 24. Thus, they have been born into a make-belief environment, where Israel talks peace while their own leaders aspire the destruction of Israel by any and all means.

Many, especially among Israeli-Americans and American Jewry, would quickly jump and point the finger at Netanyahu for the elusive peace: He (and only he) is at fault. Except, Rabin, Olmert, Barak – it matters not if the Prime Minister was right or left of center – the result was identical: no progress.

The reason is simple, but it is always easier to blame Netanyahu. He has broad shoulders, and he stands determined. So, he might as well be guilty.

The real reason is that no “Palestinian” leader, from the time this figment of imagination was concocted by Arafat in the classrooms of the Soviet Union, would ever dare enter into a peace agreement with Israel, for that would be signing his own death warrant (not only political but actual, physical death).

Do the “people” want peace? As we look at the ground we see the two sides: one exhausted, exasperated, ready to reach peace at all costs, completely infatuated with finding ways to reach this elusive peace, contrary to any common sense or facts on the ground. It is a side on a mission, a suicide one.

To avoid confusion, let me call this side by name: Israel.

On the other side, we are told repeatedly, primarily by some very vocal Jews and Israelis, self-haters, and other anti-Semites, “David,” a young, innocent boy, who has been born into the “Occupation” sees no future ahead of him. He thus has no choice than to resort to the meager means in his arsenal, the stones he can pick up from the ground (most recently knifes and Molotov cocktails), in order to overcome – to general delight and relief – the oppression and misery by Goliath.

Our “David” is so innocent, nothing he does can ever be construed as anything but pure, the very essence of goodness. Thus, when he throws rocks or rockets, it is a peaceful resistance. Molotov cocktails? More of the same. Using a knife to stab people? Oh, ignore the knife. Running over people in a bus, a tractor or a car? Surely an accident, the vehicle had a mechanical failure and went out of control. A combination of running over people and going out of the vehicle to stab them with a knife or butcher them with an axe? A Zionist Conspiracy! Even if the dead are strewn in the street and the whole episode was documented in real time.

And so the stories go, nothing that happens can ever be construed to be our David’s fault. He is innocent, a complete angel, who only knows to do good.

A new fire has been lit, and its flames are roaring upward and upwards. Some say that Abbas, the head of the tribes, has lit the fire and now is afraid of the speed and magnitude it has achieved in such a short period of time. Rest assured, Abbas is not worried. Rather, he is happy as a child, for the fire is consuming every corner; bodies are strewn in the streets of Israel’s major cities. He even blames the “Government of Israel and her herd of Settlers.” Innocence apparently rubs onto him from his armies of “Davids.” As he proudly proclaims: “It is a national Palestinian project; we need to safeguard the achievements thus far.”

Each tiny “David” is an immediate hero, a sensation. Oh, what an amazing success, with so little effort. Even after their death, the winning celebrations continue with extravagant funerals that further inflame the incitement. All Israel has to do is not return the terrorists’ bodies, but it would take her two weeks and numerous attacks to internalize this understanding.

The world itself is holding its breath: Finally, the rise of the innocent. One by one, unorganized, uncoordinated, motivated and with deep inner conviction, the “Palestinian Davids” are rising up to protect their people, to claim what is rightfully theirs! [There is also a “Palestinian Jesus;” the propaganda machine is working at full speed conjuring images and supporting them with narrative, movies, songs and caricatures.]

The Los Angeles Times, as expected, already put some of the blame on Israel. Haters are always true to form and never disappoint. There are videos circulating around of “executions” by Israelis, who apparently find it an acceptable pastime to murder or maim Arabs.

Abbas, for instance, blames Israel in a press conference for executing a 13 year old boy (who perpetrated one of the killing sprees), while he knows all too well the boy is alive and receiving treatment at Hadassah hospital in Jerusalem.

The outrage, the feeling of restlessness and the empowerment by the blood flowing and quenching the thirst of the land are all contributing factors. Parents are praising their “innocent” Shaids [or Shahids, Shaheeds or martyrs]. They raised them, groomed them for this very moment. Life at its finest! Their dreams for their children have come true.

“Innocent!” Proclaims the Arab media. “Executions by Israel.” “Escalation of the situation by Israel.”

And the White House and State Department provide the chorus line, echoing the accusations. Israel is applying “too much force.”

And so, the terror attacks continue. Four yesterday. Three today already and it is only 11:16 A.M.

Israel is at fault, and none of the perpetrators is guilty.

Guilty of what, one asks. Trying to remove the Occupier from their land? Rising up to protect their siblings, parents and grandparents, neighbors and friends? Standing up for the protection of the Al Aqsa mosque, that holy mosque the Zionists did not even realize they are attempting to topple?

This is the land of the absurd, where the devil is standing on the sidelines with the utmost pleasure and orchestrates the crescendos: hit here, hit there, arise, you faithful, arise and strike!

Death comes to Israel, and the perpetrators are Israeli Arabs, led by no one else then their own Members of the Knesset, from the podium of the Israeli Parliament itself.

What is happening in Israel is an uprising of Israeli Arabs. It is orchestrated, organized and deliberate. It is supported and encouraged by the populace and its leadership, and the world stands agape and applauds. Finally, the Arab youth rises. Arise, ye faithful, arise and sacrifice yourselves. Stand up to the Occupation. Stand up and show what you have in you!

A special “Day of Rage” was announced in advance. Alas, why bother? These terror attacks commenced two weeks ago and continue on a daily basis. Multiple murderous attacks each day, and they have already spread to all parts of Israel.

For years we have seen no Israel on the map, a rifle superimposed indicating uprising by force. The time has come, and once the lid has been removed, it cannot be put back. Constant, non-stop brainwashing that the totality of Israel is theirs, that Jews are filth and must be killed, finally came to fruition.

Wake up Israel, stand up and fight!

Israelis, who until two weeks ago lived their everyday life, have awoken to a new reality. They are now unified and one. They are under attack. When the Arab media or Arab governments point a finger at us, Israelis know that the reality in which they now live is one where a young Arab can take out a knife or a gun, or use a vehicle to murder. One must be extra vigilant.

Israelis, right, left and center, know the enemy when they see one. If the head of opposition alongside every Jewish party of the Knesset sides with and supports Netanyahu’s government’s steps to stop this “wave of terror,” one must understand that Israelis are unified; that times are sufficiently dire.

It is the Arab population that chooses to believe that all the perpetrators are innocent heroes, their new “Davids.” Israelis are unified, and determined to survive, to emerge alive.

And that means one thing: With two sides, each fighting to the death, the Jews will survive, as they have for millennia. The world may be swayed toward the lies and deception of the Arabs, and their Song of the Knife, but at the end of the day, there is a limit even to how much the Devil can confuse everyone.

This is a religious war, a war to exterminate the Jews and create a land free of any Jew. Does that sound familiar to anyone? Go no further than eight decades ago, and the similarities are striking.

Rise, Oh Israel, Rise and Defend Yourself. The world stands on the sideline, cheering and encouraging. The young perpetrators do not mind sacrificing their lives, in waves of homicide lunatic acts. They are not to blame. Their society conditioned them to such a degree that they do what is expected, that for which they have been groomed; to be killing machines filled with vengeance and hatred.

One wave after another, they will come. They will extract a dear price, as much blood as possible. They will become instant heroes in a culture that thrives on death and mayhem.

And then will come the Islamic State, toppling down Egypt and Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. And then in the end, there will be silence.

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Edited by John R. Houk

All text and links enclosed by brackets are by the Editor.

 

This is the latest in the series “Postcards from America – Postcards from Israel,” a collaboration between Zager and Bussel, a foreign correspondent reporting from Israel.

 

Ari Bussel and Norma Zager collaborate both in writing and on the air in a point-counter-point discussion of all things Israel-related.  Together, they have dedicated the past decade to promoting Israel.

 

© Israel Monitor, October, 2015

 

First Published October 13, 2015

Contact:  bussel@me.com

NO PLACE IS SAFE


The faces of Jew-hating Muslims that killed Eitam & Naama Henkins

About the eulogy for Rabbi Eitam Henkin and his wife Naama that took place at the Mount of Rest Cemetery just outside of Jerusalem:

Following President Rivlin was the mother [Chana Henkin wife of Rabbi Yehuda Henkin] of Rabbi Eitam. Grieving, she first cared about those in attendance: “We are sorry for the long stay in the sun,” she said, concerned, then continued, “it is incomprehensible, if only you (my son) would have eulogized me and not vice versa.”

Her son and his wife – a young, energetic, life-filled, productive and inspiring couple – were murdered the previous day by “Palestinian Heroes.” The perpetrators made sure the couple was dead, but did not murder their four children who were in the car with their parents.

Four orphans were spared, nine-, seven- and four-year old and a four month old baby. Why? Age and innocence never stopped the Palestinian Muslim murderers before.

This time they stopped short murdering only the adults because it was previously established that the backlash from murdering children alongside their parents is too much to bear, while murdering adults is permissible, justified and highly rewarded. (Bracket text addedA Blood Sacrifice; By Ari Bussel; SlantRight 2.0; 10/6/15)

VIDEO: ISRAELI PARENTS MURDERED BEFORE THE EYES OF THEIR CHILDREN 1 October 2015

 

Posted by Roni Stoker

Published on Oct 3, 2015

The Israeli family came under fire when they slowed down before making a turn. At that moment, a Palestinian vehicle accelerated toward the family. Two attackers opened fire on the family with a handgun and a rifle.

Both parents were struck multiple times in their upper bodies, paramedics said. They were pronounced dead at the scene.

“It was a very difficult scene,” said MDA paramedic Boaz Malka, one of the first to arrive. “We saw a vehicle in the middle of the road, and a man in his 30s lying next to it with wounds in his upper torso. Inside the car sat a woman in her 30s, also with severe wounds to her upper torso. They were READ ENTIRETY

Ari Bussel adds more appalling details by first taking you on a journey through Holocaust Antisemitism leading to the added details of the horrific murder of Rabbi Eitan Henkin and his wife Naama with their four children in the backseat of a car.

JRH 10/8/15

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NO PLACE IS SAFE (but Israel)

By Ari Bussel

Sent: 10/6/2015 9:29 PM

Most of us were not in Europe in the 1930s. My parents and grandparents were. Most of them did not survive. My grandmother, for instance, left one day, never to return. Her mother went after her and she also did not return.

Most of us derive our “knowledge” of the Holocaust from stories we have heard, accounts we have read in books or scenes we have seen in movies. Some of us know, or have known or met, Holocaust survivors, most of us have not.

When it began, Jews were being humiliated or beaten senselessly in the streets of Vienna, Hamburg, Strasbourg, Dusseldorf or Warsaw. Elegant women, religious men, young children, the elderly, no one was spared. They were stripped of their dignity, first as Jews, then as human beings. Then the systematic extermination began.

People gathered around for spontaneous public humiliations, cheering, participating, inflicting additional pain, laughing loudly at the people who just hours before were their neighbors, business partners, colleagues, schoolmates or even friends.

The fine Strasses of Europe’s capitals and major cities were filled with horror-stricken Jews whose lives collapsed on them one fine day. Nowhere was safe and there was no place to hide or to escape.

Alas, what took place in real time had been foretold thousands of years earlier. Deuteronomy 28 describes the scene with chilling accuracy. I have chosen only four verses (28, 34, 66, 67), and my body shivers each time I read this chapter in the Bible.

The Jews will be “smite with madness, and with blindness, and with astonishment of heart. … so that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. … And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear night and day, and shalt have no assurance of thy life. In the morning thou shalt say: ‘Would it were even[ing]!’ and at even[ing] thou shalt say: ‘Would it were morning!” for the fear of thy heart which thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.”

Europe roared with the fires of hell that spread upward, spewing ashes of millions, consuming lives with an ever-growing appetite. The advance of evil seemed unstoppable.

Prior to 1948, there was no homeland for the Jews. Israel, their ancient homeland, was under British Mandate, and the Brits prevented the Jews from the one safe haven they should have had. America closed her doors too. No one wanted the Jews, the world allowed Germany do what was right and necessary.

Today, things are different: There is a modern state of Israel, in the ancient Land of Israel, and Jews – wherever they are in the world – know they have a place to call home, no questions asked.

Fourteen million Jews existed in 1939. Today, there are still 14 million Jews in the World. Six million perished during the Holocaust, in a systematic attempt to wipe them off this earth. Today, Iran promises to wipe Israel and her six point two million Jews off the face of the map. It seems not much has changed and history is determined to repeat itself once again.

Jerusalem, Present Day

I always enjoy wandering around in the streets of Israel’s capital city of Jerusalem. I think of things past; I witness a bustling city of many faces. I breathe the sights and sounds, smells and noises; a mix of voices, exhilarating and invigorating. I think of all the times Jerusalem is mentioned in the Bible, and in my head and on my lips I replay Naomi Shemer’s (Israel’s national song writer’s) song Yerushalim Shel Zahav, Jerusalem of Gold.

Not too many years ago it was not safe to wander around while the Arabs’ Intifada raged. Jerusalem remains strewn with memorials, scars on her most beautiful body. The Arab terrorists murdered senselessly to inflict fear and terror in people’s hearts and to stop the flow of life.

The only people who continued walking, their heads high, were the religious Jews, in their holiest city, and every-day Jewish-Israelis in their nation’s capital. They had no other choice; they were determined to fight back, not to capitulate.

This past Sunday, the first Sunday in October, at the eve of the last day of Sukkot, the Festival of Tabernacles, during which Jews are commended to come to Jerusalem to see their God at the place He has chosen to dwell, I walked from Jaffa Gate of the Old City toward Christ Church, a three minute walking distance, looking apprehensively at passersby.

Who might attack? Who may start running with a knife or a gun and try to murder and maim as many innocent people as possible?

In store fronts, selling memorabilia or cold drinks, Jerusalem bagels or other munchies, stood Arabs, residents of Jerusalem, looking somewhat bored, somewhat bemused, at those that passed.

I looked at them with obvious disgust, vowing to not approach any of them to spend money in their stores, avoiding their wares.

Just hours earlier a couple walking in the Old City was attacked. They tried to protect each other, to fight back, but the husband was subdued, stabbed so many times he died. The wife, with a knife in her shoulder, close to the neck, managed to escape, seeking refuge at one of the neighboring stores.

She was running, screaming, begging for anyone to help.

The storeowners rushed to the front of their stores, witnessed the commotion, and stood at ease: A Jewish woman, bleeding, running and begging for her life, how amusing, how greatly satisfying!

One held a can of soda, laughing. Another spat on her. A third cursed her.

Some applauded. One kicked her with utter disgust, “Filth,” he uttered, “may you die!”

Not one, not two. They all stood as one, aiding and abating. Participating. Cheering. Taking part in Satan’s work.

The scene was taken directly from the capitals and major cities of Europe of 1939, but this is the Jerusalem of October 2015.

It took less than two minutes for the border police and other security forces to arrive at the scene, to restore a semblance of normalcy back to the area.

The shopkeepers, many young Arab males, simply turned around and continued smoking, laughing, discussing what could and should have happened to that Jewish woman.

There was hatred and spite in their eyes and voices, flowing in their blood. These Israeli citizens are filled with hatred so deep the Nazis would have been proud. Then again, their forefathers aided Hitler so there is nothing new under the sun.

Civilized people, not barbarians, would have stopped what they were doing and run out to aid the woman. Undoubtedly some would have frozen with fear or disbelief before springing to action, but normal people would have done something. Not because she is a woman, but because she is a human being, bleeding, pleading for help. But not the Arabs of Jerusalem.

One would say, protesting, “you cannot generalize” or maybe with a stronger tone, “you must not do so!” Today, in Israel, there may still be a few good Arabs, but one would be hard-pressed to find them.

There were some good Christians in Europe in the early 1940s as well. Yet so few, a breed so rare, that Yad VaShem in Jerusalem lists each and every one of them under the heading “Righteous Gentiles.”

It was not many hours before that attack that I attended the funeral of a young couple that was murdered in front of their four children just because they were Jews living in their homeland. The only reason the children were spared was the knowledge that past executions were not accepted very well when kids were murdered alongside their parents.

The account I have written, “A Blood Sacrifice,” elicited the following response from John Houk in America:

Ari I can’t help but think that there is more to this story. It seems intriguingly unfinished.

Undoubtedly, the story is not finished. It is only beginning. We are reliving 1939, this time around right here in the Land of Israel.

The world needs to know there is an Israel, and each Jewish person around the world needs to know that she and he has a home within her borders.

Safety will be restored. Those who stood by and chose to not prevent a crime will be brought to justice and prosecuted on criminal charges. But more than that is needed, a complete change of society’s stance, upbringing and values. There must be zero tolerance for barbarism and the Arab culture of death must be eradicated. Not only for the sake of the Jews, for the sake of the whole world.

Indeed, John, there is much more to this story, for the events unfolding before our very eyes are just the beginning of yet another end of what we have come to accept as civilization.

_______________________________

Blog Editor: John R. Houk

 

This is the latest in the series “Postcards from America – Postcards from Israel,” a collaboration between Zager and Bussel, a foreign correspondent reporting from Israel.

 

Ari Bussel and Norma Zager collaborate both in writing and on the air in a point-counter-point discussion of all things Israel-related.  Together, they have dedicated the past decade to promoting Israel.

 

© Israel Monitor, October, 2015

 

First Published October 6, 2015

Contact:  bussel@me.com

Russia Enters Syria – Is it Geopolitics or Prophecy?


A rebel group in Syria said to be backed by the US, claimed that Russian warplanes have hit its positions in the centrre (sic) of the country.

John R. Houk

© September 30, 2015

Pertaining to Israel, I have to be upfront. My view of the Jewish State is through the lens of the Holy Bible. As a Christian that means I am labelled a Christian Zionist. The kind of guy that Orthodox Jews mistrust due to history and the viewpoint that Christian evangelism is a threat to Judaism. I am also the kind of guy Left Wing (sometimes called Liberal and sometimes called Progressive) Jews loathe due to a non-secular pigeon-holing Israel in Biblical terms rather than a secular homeland for Jews to escape centuries of global antisemitism. Frankly I’m not claiming to know an Israeli/Jewish middle ground of the acceptance Christian Zionist friendship. I just pray a growing trust for Christians supporting Israel grows. At the same time I advise Jews – particularly Israeli Jews – to be wary of Western Leftists and of Progressive (Leftist) Christians who have disowned Biblical essentials and the reality of God Almighty.

NIV Quotes:

Ezek 39:27-29 “When I have brought them back from the nations and have gathered them from the countries of their enemies, I will show myself holy through them in the sight of many nations.” 28 “Then they will know that I am the LORD their God, for though I sent them into exile among the nations, I will gather them to their own land, not leaving any behind.” 29 “I will no longer hide my face from them, for I will pour out my Spirit on the house of Israel, declares the Sovereign LORD.”

Amos 9:13-15 “The days are coming, declares the LORD, when the reaper will be overtaken by the plowman and the planter by the one treading grapes. New wine will drip from the mountains and flow from all the hills. 14 I will bring back my exiled people Israel; they will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them. They will plant vineyards and drink their wine; they will make gardens and eat their fruit. 15 I will plant Israel in their own land, never again to be uprooted from the land I have given them, says the LORD your God.”

Jer 30:2 “This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘Write in a book all the words I have spoken to you. 3 The days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will bring my people Israel and Judah back from captivity and restore them to the land I gave their forefathers to possess,’ says the LORD.”

Jer 31:10 “Hear the word of the LORD, O nations; proclaim it in distant coastlands: ‘He who scattered Israel will gather them and will watch over his flock like a shepherd.”

Jer 33:7 “I will bring Judah and Israel back from captivity and will rebuild them as they were before.”

Ezek 37:21-27 …..“I will take the Israelites out of the nations where they have gone. I will gather them from all around and bring them back into their own land. 22 I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel. There will be one king over all of them and they will never again be two nations or be divided into two kingdoms.” (Quotes taken from: Israel: The Greatest Sign; By Ken Marineau; Bible Probe for Christians and Messianic Jews)

Stratfor bills itself as a geopolitical intelligence firm and as such does not look geopolitically through a Biblical lens. From Stratfor I have learned the strategic importance of Israel from history to the present. A Stratfor email was sent out that I believe is no coincidence of the timing of Putin’s Russia demanding the USA to stop bombing inside Syria. Russia is deploying troops to Syria AND so far its own strafing is occurring where ISIS is not in control. Could it be that Russia is engaging the Syrian rebels trying to topple Bashar al-Assad – the same rebels not connected to the brutal Islamic terrorists of ISIS and al Nusra?

Does Secretary of State John Kerry (representing Obama Administration) sound clueless to Russian intentions or what?

VIDEO: Kerry: US Welcomes Russia Strikes if Target IS

 

Published by Associated Press

Published on Sep 30, 2015

Secretary of State John Kerry announced that the United States is prepared to welcome Russia’s actions in Syria if they are directed at the Islamic State group and al-Qaeda. (Sept. 30)

Subscribe for more Breaking News:
Get updates and more Breaking News here:

The Associated Press is the essential global news network, delivering fast, unbiased [cough] news from every corner of the world to all media platforms and formats.

AP’s commitment to You can read the rest of the lame self-promotion

Is Russia jockeying itself to be the prophetic invaders from the north of Israel that ironically lines up with the Stratfor analysis of the geopolitical importance of Israel? Here is the Stratfor tease from the PDF:

Israel exists in three conditions. First, it can be a completely independent state. This condition occurs when there are no major imperial powers external to the region. We might call this the David model.

Second, it can live as part of an imperial system — either as a subordinate ally, as a moderately autonomous entity or as a satrapy. In any case, it maintains its identity but loses room for independent maneuvering in foreign policy and potentially in domestic policy. We might call this the Persian model in its most beneficent form.

Finally, Israel can be completely crushed — with mass deportations and migrations, with a complete loss of autonomy and minimal residual autonomy. We might call this the Babylonian model.

Below is the Stratfor PDF reformatted for blogging:

JRH 9/30/15

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The Geopolitics of Israel: Biblical and Modern

STRATFOR PDF

Downloaded 9/30/15

Notification Sent: 9/29/2015 9:42 PM

This study was originally published by Stratfor in 2008 as the first in a series of monographs on the geopolitics of globally important countries.

Introduction

The founding principle of geopolitics is that place — geography — plays a significant role in determining how nations will behave. If that theory is true, then there ought to be a deep continuity in a nation’s foreign policy. Israel is a laboratory for this theory, since it has existed in three different manifestations in roughly the same place, twice in antiquity and once in modernity. If geopolitics is correct, then Israeli foreign policy, independent of policymakers, technology or the identity of neighbors, ought to have important common features. This is, therefore, a discussion of common principles in Israeli foreign policy over nearly 3,000 years.

For convenience, we will use the term “Israel” to connote all of the Hebrew and Jewish entities that have existed in the Levant since the invasion of the region as chronicled in the Book of Joshua. As always, geopolitics requires a consideration of three dimensions: the internal geopolitics of Israel, the interaction of Israel and the immediate neighbors who share borders with it, and Israel’s interaction with what we will call great powers, beyond Israel’s borderlands.

Table of Contents

Introduction 2

Table of Contents 3

Israel in Biblical Times 4

Israeli Geography and Borderlands 6

Israeli Geography and the Convergence Zone 11

Internal Geopolitics 13

Israel and the Great Powers 15

The Geopolitics of Contemporary Israel 16

Israel in Biblical Times

Israel has manifested itself three times in history. The first manifestation began with the invasion led by Joshua and lasted through its division into two kingdoms, the Babylonian conquest of the Kingdom of Judah and the deportation to Babylon early in the sixth century B.C.

FIRST MANIFESTATION (1200 BCE)

 

The second manifestation began when Israel was recreated in 540 B.C. by the Persians, who had defeated the Babylonians. The nature of this second manifestation changed in the fourth century B.C., when Greece overran the Persian Empire and Israel, and again in the first century B.C., when the Romans conquered the region.

SECOND MANIFESTATION

The second manifestation saw Israel as a small actor within the framework of larger imperial powers, a situation that lasted until the destruction of the Jewish vassal state by the Romans.

Israel’s third manifestation began in 1948, following (as in the other cases) an ingathering of at least some of the Jews who had been dispersed after conquests. Israel’s founding takes place in the context of the decline and fall of the British Empire and must, at least in part, be understood as part of British imperial history.

THIRD MANIFESTATION (1948)

 

 

Israeli Geography and Borderlands

At its height, under King David, Israel extended from the Sinai to the Euphrates, encompassing Damascus. It occupied some, but relatively little, of the coastal region, an area beginning at what today is Haifa and running south to Jaffa, just north of today’s Tel Aviv. The coastal area to the north was held by Phoenicia, the area to the south by Philistines. It is essential to understand that Israel’s size and shape shifted over time. For example, Judah under the Hasmoneans did not include the Negev but did include the Golan. The general locale of Israel is fixed. Its precise borders have never been.

Thus, it is perhaps better to begin with what never was part of Israel. Israel never included the Sinai Peninsula. Along the coast, it never stretched much farther north than the Litani River in today’s Lebanon. Apart from David’s extreme extension (and fairly tenuous control) to the north, Israel’s territory never stretched as far as Damascus, although it frequently held the Golan Heights. Israel extended many times to both sides of the Jordan but never deep into the Jordanian Desert. It never extended southeast into the Arabian Peninsula.

Israel consists generally of three parts. First, it always has had the northern hill region, stretching from the foothills of Mount Hermon south to Jerusalem. Second, it always contains some of the coastal plain from today’s Tel Aviv north to Haifa. Third, it occupies area between Jerusalem and the Jordan River — today’s West Bank. At times, it controls all or part of the Negev, including the coastal region between the Sinai to the Tel Aviv area. It may be larger than this at various times in history, and sometimes smaller, but it normally holds all or part of these three regions.

Israel is well-buffered in three directions. The Sinai Desert protects it against the Egyptians. In general, the Sinai has held little attraction for the Egyptians. The difficulty of deploying forces in the eastern Sinai poses severe logistical problems for them, particularly during a prolonged presence. Unless Egypt can rapidly move through the Sinai north into the coastal plain, where it can sustain its forces more readily, deploying in the Sinai is difficult and unrewarding. Therefore, so long as Israel is not so weak as to make an attack on the coastal plain a viable option, or unless Egypt is motivated by an outside imperial power, Israel does not face a threat from the southwest.

Israel is similarly protected from the southeast. The deserts southeast of Eilat-Aqaba are virtually impassable. No large force could approach from that direction, although smaller raiding parties could. The tribes of the Arabian Peninsula lack the reach or the size to pose a threat to Israel, unless massed and aligned with other forces. Even then, the approach from the southeast is not one that they are likely to take. The Negev is secure from that direction.

The eastern approaches are similarly secured by desert, which begins about 20 to 30 miles east of the Jordan River. While indigenous forces exist in the borderland east of the Jordan, they lack the numbers to be able to penetrate decisively west of the Jordan. Indeed, the normal model is that, so long as Israel controls Judea and Samaria (the modern-day West Bank), then the East Bank of the Jordan River is under the political and sometimes military domination of Israel — sometimes directly through settlement, sometimes indirectly through political influence, or economic or security leverage.

Israel’s vulnerability is in the north. There is no natural buffer between Phoenicia and its successor entities (today’s Lebanon) to the direct north. The best defense line for Israel in the north is the Litani River, but this is not an insurmountable boundary under any circumstance. However, the area along the coast north of Israel does not present a serious threat. The coastal area prospers through trade in the Mediterranean basin. It is oriented toward the sea and to the trade routes to the east, not to the south. If it does anything, this area protects those trade routes and has no appetite for a conflict that might disrupt trade. It stays out of Israel’s way, for the most part.

Moreover, as a commercial area, this region is generally wealthy, a factor that increases predators around it and social conflict within. It is an area prone to instability. Israel frequently tries to extend its influence northward for commercial reasons, as one of the predators, and this can entangle Israel in its regional politics. But barring this self-induced problem, the threat to Israel from the north is minimal, despite the absence of natural boundaries and the large population. On occasion, there is spillover of conflicts from the north, but not to a degree that might threaten regime survival in Israel.

The neighbor that is always a threat lies to the northeast. Syria — or, more precisely, the area governed by Damascus at any time — is populous and frequently has no direct outlet to the sea. It is, therefore, generally poor. The area to its north, Asia Minor, is heavily mountainous. Syria cannot project power to the north except with great difficulty, but powers in Asia Minor can move south. Syria’s eastern flank is buffered by a desert that stretches to the Euphrates.

Therefore, when there is no threat from the north, Syria’s interest — after securing itself internally — is to gain access to the coast. Its primary channel is directly westward, toward the rich cities of the northern Levantine coast, with which it trades heavily. An alternative interest is southwestward, toward the southern Levantine coast controlled by Israel.

THE GOLAN HEIGHTS

As can be seen, Syria can be interested in Israel only selectively. When it is interested, it has a serious battle problem. To attack Israel, it would have to strike between Mount Hermon and the Sea of Galilee, an area about 25 miles wide. The Syrians potentially can attack south of the sea, but only if they are prepared to fight through this region and then attack on extended supply lines. If an attack is mounted along the main route, Syrian forces must descend the Golan Heights and then fight through the hilly Galilee before reaching the coastal plain — sometimes with guerrillas holding out in the Galilean hills. The Galilee is an area that is relatively easy to defend and difficult to attack. Therefore, it is only once Syria takes the Galilee, and can control its lines of supply against guerrilla attack, that its real battle begins.

To reach the coast or move toward Jerusalem, Syria must fight through a plain in front of a line of low hills. This is the decisive battleground where massed Israeli forces, close to lines of supply, can defend against dispersed Syrian forces on extended lines of supply. It is no accident that Megiddo — or Armageddon, as the plain is sometimes referred to — has apocalyptic meaning. This is the point at which any move from Syria would be decided. But a Syrian offensive would have a tough fight to reach Megiddo, and a tougher one as it deploys on the plain.

On the surface, Israel lacks strategic depth, but this is true only on the surface. It faces limited threats from southern neighbors. To its east, it faces only a narrow strip of populated area east of the Jordan. To the north, there is a maritime commercial entity. Syria operating alone, forced through the narrow gap of the Mount Hermon-Galilee line and operating on extended supply lines, can be dealt with readily.

There is a risk of simultaneous attacks from multiple directions. Depending on the forces deployed and the degree of coordination between them, this can pose a problem for Israel. However, even here the Israelis have the tremendous advantage of fighting on interior lines. Egypt and Syria, fighting on external lines (and widely separated fronts), would have enormous difficulty transferring forces from one front to another. Israel, on interior lines (fronts close to each other with good transportation), would be able to move its forces from front to front rapidly, allowing for sequential engagement and thereby the defeat of enemies.

Unless enemies are carefully coordinated and initiate war simultaneously — and deploy substantially superior force on at least one front — Israel can initiate war at a time of its choosing or else move its forces rapidly between fronts, negating much of the advantage of size that the attackers might have.

There is another aspect to the problem of multifront war. Egypt usually has minimal interests along the Levant, having its own coast and an orientation to the south toward the headwaters of the Nile. On the rare occasions when Egypt does move through the Sinai and attacks to the north and northeast, it is in an expansionary mode. By the time it consolidates and exploits the coastal plain, it would be powerful enough to threaten Syria. From Syria’s point of view, the only thing more dangerous than Israel is an Egypt in control of Israel. Therefore, the probability of a coordinated north-south strike at Israel is rare, is rarely coordinated and usually is not designed to be a mortal blow. It is defeated by Israel’s strategic advantage of interior lines.

Israeli Geography and the Convergence Zone

Therefore, it is not surprising that Israel’s first incarnation lasted as long as it did — some five centuries. What is interesting and what must be considered is why Israel (now considered as the northern kingdom) was defeated by the Assyrians and Judea, then defeated by Babylon. To understand this, we need to consider the broader geography of Israel’s location.

Israel is located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, on the Levant. As we have seen, when Israel is intact, it will tend to be the dominant power in the Levant. Therefore, Israeli resources must generally be dedicated for land warfare, leaving little over for naval warfare. In general, although Israel had excellent harbors and access to wood for shipbuilding, it never was a major Mediterranean naval power. It never projected power into the sea. The area to the north of Israel has always been a maritime power, but Israel, the area south of Mount Hermon, was always forced to be a land power.

The Levant in general and Israel in particular has always been a magnet for great powers. No Mediterranean empire could be fully secure unless it controlled the Levant. Whether it was Rome or Carthage, a Mediterranean empire that wanted to control both the northern and southern littorals needed to anchor its eastern flank on the Levant. For one thing, without the Levant, a Mediterranean power would be entirely dependent on sea lanes for controlling the other shore. Moving troops solely by sea creates transport limitations and logistical problems.

It also leaves imperial lines vulnerable to interdiction — sometimes merely from pirates, a problem that plagued Rome’s sea transport. A land bridge, or a land bridge with minimal water crossings that can be easily defended, is a vital supplement to the sea for the movement of large numbers of troops. Once the Hellespont (now known as the Dardanelles) is crossed, the coastal route through southern Turkey, down the Levant and along the Mediterranean’s southern shore, provides such an alternative.

There is an additional consideration. If a Mediterranean empire leaves the Levant unoccupied, it opens the door to the possibility of a great power originating to the east seizing the ports of the Levant and challenging the Mediterranean power for maritime domination. In short, control of the Levant binds a Mediterranean empire together while denying a challenger from the east the opportunity to enter the Mediterranean. Holding the Levant, and controlling Israel, is a necessary preventive measure for a Mediterranean empire.

Israel is also important to any empire originating to the east of Israel, either in the Tigris- Euphrates basin or in Persia. For either, security could be assured only once it had an anchor on the Levant. Macedonian expansion under Alexander demonstrated that a power controlling Levantine and Turkish ports could support aggressive operations far to the east, to the Hindu Kush and beyond. While Turkish ports might have sufficed for offensive operations, simply securing the Bosporus still left the southern flank exposed. Therefore, by holding the Levant, an eastern power protected itself against attacks from Mediterranean powers.

CONVERGENCE ZONE

The Levant was also important to any empire originating to the north or south of Israel. If Egypt decided to move beyond the Nile Basin and North Africa eastward, it would move first through the Sinai and then northward along the coastal plain, securing sea lanes to Egypt. When Asia Minor powers such as the Ottoman Empire developed, there was a natural tendency to move southward to control the eastern Mediterranean. The Levant is the crossroads of continents, and Israel lies in the path of many imperial ambitions.

Israel therefore occupies what might be called the convergence zone of the Eastern Hemisphere. A European power trying to dominate the Mediterranean or expand eastward, an eastern power trying to dominate the space between the Hindu Kush and the Mediterranean, a North African power moving toward the east, or a northern power moving south — all must converge on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean and therefore on Israel. Of these, the European power and the eastern power must be the most concerned with Israel. For either, there is no choice but to secure it as an anchor.

Internal Geopolitics

Israel is geographically divided into three regions, which traditionally have produced three different types of people. Its coastal plain facilitates commerce, serving as the interface between eastern trade routes and the sea. It is the home of merchants and manufacturers, cosmopolitans — not as cosmopolitan as Phoenicia or Lebanon, but cosmopolitan for Israel. The northeast is hill country, closest to the unruliness north of the Litani River and to the Syrian threat. It breeds farmers and warriors. The area south of Jerusalem is hard desert country, more conducive to herdsman and warriors than anything else. Jerusalem is where these three regions are balanced and governed.

Photos: Source: Lehava Taybe via Israeli Pikiwiki project* – Source: Israel Defense Force** – Source: Avishai Teicher via Israeli Pikiwiki project*

[*Images provided under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 license. These images have not been altered in any way other than cropped to fit available space. Terms of the license can be viewed here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/deed.en

**Image provided under the Creative Commons 2.0 Generic license. Terms of the license can be viewed here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 2.0/deed.en]

 

There are obviously deep differences built into Israel’s geography and inhabitants, particularly between the herdsmen of the southern deserts and the northern hill dwellers. The coastal dwellers, rich but less warlike than the others, hold the balance or are the prize to be pursued. In the division of the original kingdom between Israel and Judea, we saw the alliance of the coast with the Galilee, while Jerusalem was held by the desert dwellers. The consequence of the division was that Israel in the north ultimately was conquered by Assyrians from the northeast, while Babylon was able to swallow Judea.

Social divisions in Israel obviously do not have to follow geographical lines. However, over time, these divisions must manifest themselves. For example, the coastal plain is inherently more cosmopolitan than the rest of the country. The interests of its inhabitants lie more with trading partners in the Mediterranean and the rest of the world than with their countrymen. Their standard of living is higher, and their commitment to traditions is lower. Therefore, there is an inherent tension between their immediate interests and those of the Galileans, who live more precarious, warlike lives. Countries can be divided over lesser issues — and when Israel is divided, it is vulnerable even to regional threats.

We say “even” because geography dictates that regional threats are less menacing than might be expected. The fact that Israel would be outnumbered demographically should all its neighbors turn on it is less important than the fact that it has adequate buffers in most directions, that the ability of neighbors to coordinate an attack is minimal and that their appetite for such an attack is even less. The single threat that Israel faces from the northeast can readily be managed if the Israelis create a united front there. When Israel was overrun by a Damascus-based power, it was deeply divided internally.

It is important to add one consideration to our discussion of buffers, which is diplomacy. The main neighbors of Israel are Egyptians, Syrians and those who live on the east bank of Jordan. This last group is a negligible force demographically, and the interests of the Syrians and Egyptians are widely divergent. Egypt’s interests are to the south and west of its territory; the Sinai holds no attraction. Syria is always threatened from multiple directions, and alliance with Egypt adds little to its security. Therefore, under the worst of circumstances, Egypt and Syria have difficulty supporting each other. Under the best of circumstances, from Israel’s point of view, it can reach a political accommodation with Egypt, securing its southwestern frontier politically as well as by geography, thus freeing Israel to concentrate on the northern threats and opportunities.

Israel and the Great Powers

The threat to Israel rarely comes from the region, except when the Israelis are divided internally. The conquests of Israel occur when powers not adjacent to it begin forming empires. Babylon, Persia, Macedonia, Rome, Turkey and Britain all controlled Israel politically, sometimes for worse and sometimes for better. Each dominated it militarily, but none was a neighbor of Israel. This is a consistent pattern. Israel can resist its neighbors; danger arises when more distant powers begin playing imperial games. Empires can bring force to bear that Israel cannot resist.

Israel therefore has this problem: It would be secure if it could confine itself to protecting its interests from neighbors, but it cannot confine itself because its geographic location invariably draws larger, more distant powers toward Israel. Therefore, while Israel’s military can focus only on immediate interests, its diplomatic interests must look much further. Israel is constantly entangled with global interests (as the globe is defined at any point), seeking to deflect and align with broader global powers. When it fails in this diplomacy, the consequences can be catastrophic.

Israel exists in three conditions. First, it can be a completely independent state. This condition occurs when there are no major imperial powers external to the region. We might call this the David model.

Second, it can live as part of an imperial system — either as a subordinate ally, as a moderately autonomous entity or as a satrapy. In any case, it maintains its identity but loses room for independent maneuvering in foreign policy and potentially in domestic policy. We might call this the Persian model in its most beneficent form.

Finally, Israel can be completely crushed — with mass deportations and migrations, with a complete loss of autonomy and minimal residual autonomy. We might call this the Babylonian model.

The Davidic model exists primarily when there is no external imperial power needing control of the Levant that is in a position either to send direct force or to support surrogates in the immediate region. The Persian model exists when Israel aligns itself with the foreign policy interests of such an imperial power, to its own benefit. The Babylonian model exists when Israel miscalculates on the broader balance of power and attempts to resist an emerging hegemon. When we look at Israeli behavior over time, the periods when Israel does not confront hegemonic powers outside the region are not rare, but are far less common than when it is confronting them.

Given the period of the first iteration of Israel, it would be too much to say that the Davidic model rarely comes into play, but certainly since that time, variations of the Persian and Babylonian models have dominated. The reason is geographic. Israel is normally of interest to outside powers because of its strategic position. While Israel can deal with local challenges effectively, it cannot deal with broader challenges. It lacks the economic or military weight to resist. Therefore, it is normally in the process of managing broader threats or collapsing because of them.

The Geopolitics of Contemporary Israel

Let us then turn to the contemporary manifestation of Israel. Israel was recreated because of the interaction between a regional great power, the Ottoman Empire, and a global power, Great Britain. During its expansionary phase, the Ottoman Empire sought to dominate the eastern Mediterranean as well as both its northern and southern coasts. One thrust went through the Balkans toward central Europe. The other was toward Egypt. Inevitably, this required that the Ottomans secure the Levant.

For the British, the focus on the eastern Mediterranean was as the primary sea lane to India. As such, Gibraltar and the Suez were crucial. The importance of the Suez was such that the presence of a hostile, major naval force in the eastern Mediterranean represented a direct threat to British interests. It followed that defeating the Ottoman Empire during World War I and breaking its residual naval power was critical. The British, as was shown at Gallipoli, lacked the resources to break the Ottoman Empire by main force. They resorted to a series of alliances with local forces to undermine the Ottomans. One was an alliance with Bedouin tribes in the Arabian Peninsula; others involved covert agreements with anti-Turkish, Arab interests from the Levant to the Persian Gulf. A third, minor thrust was aligning with Jewish interests globally, particularly those interested in the refounding of Israel. Britain had little interest in this goal, but saw such discussions as part of the process of destabilizing the Ottomans.

The strategy worked. Under an agreement with France, the Ottoman province of Syria was divided into two parts on a line roughly running east-west between the sea and Mount Hermon. The northern part was given to France and divided into Lebanon and a rump Syria entity. The southern part was given to Britain and was called Palestine, after the Ottoman administrative district Filistina. Given the complex politics of the Arabian Peninsula, the British had to find a home for a group of Hashemites, which they located on the east bank of the Jordan River and designated, for want of a better name, the Trans-Jordan — the other side of the Jordan. Palestine looked very much like traditional Israel.

The ideological foundations of Zionism are not our concern here, nor are the pre- and post- World War II migrations of Jews, although those are certainly critical. What is important for purposes of this analysis are two things: First, the British emerged economically and militarily crippled from World War II and unable to retain their global empire, Palestine included. Second, the two global powers that emerged after World War II — the United States and the Soviet Union — were engaged in an intense struggle for the eastern Mediterranean after World War II, as can be seen in the Greek and Turkish issues at that time. Neither wanted to see the British Empire survive, each wanted the Levant, and neither was prepared to make a decisive move to take it.

Both the United States and the Soviet Union saw the re-creation of Israel as an opportunity to introduce their power to the Levant. The Soviets thought they might have some influence over Israel due to ideology. The Americans thought they might have some influence given the role of American Jews in the founding. Neither was thinking particularly clearly about the matter, because neither had truly found its balance after World War II. Both knew the Levant was important, but neither saw the Levant as a central battleground at that moment. Israel slipped through the cracks.

Once the question of Jewish unity was settled through ruthless action by David Ben Gurion’s government, Israel faced a simultaneous threat from all of its immediate neighbors. However, as we have seen, the threat in 1948 was more apparent than real. The northern Levant, Lebanon, was fundamentally disunited — far more interested in regional maritime trade and concerned about control from Damascus. It posed no real threat to Israel. Jordan, settling the eastern bank of the Jordan River, was an outside power that had been transplanted into the region and was more concerned about native Arabs — the Palestinians — than about Israel. The Jordanians secretly collaborated with Israel. Egypt did pose a threat, but its ability to maintain lines of supply across the Sinai was severely limited and its genuine interest in engaging and destroying Israel was more rhetorical than real. As usual, the Egyptians could not afford the level of effort needed to move into the Levant. Syria by itself had a very real interest in Israel’s defeat, but by itself was incapable of decisive action.

The exterior lines of Israel’s neighbors prevented effective, concerted action. Israel’s interior lines permitted efficient deployment and redeployment of force. It was not obvious at the time, but in retrospect we can see that once Israel existed, was united and had even limited military force, its survival was guaranteed. That is, so long as no great power was opposed to its existence.

From its founding until the Camp David Accords re-established the Sinai as a buffer with Egypt, Israel’s strategic problem was this: So long as Egypt was in the Sinai, Israel’s national security requirements outstripped its military capabilities. It could not simultaneously field an army, maintain its civilian economy and produce all the weapons and supplies needed for war. Israel had to align itself with great powers who saw an opportunity to pursue other interests by arming Israel.

David Ben Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister (Public domain)

Josef Stalin, first Secretary-General of the Soviet Union (Public domain) – Robert Schuman, French prime minister, 1948 (Public domain)

Israel’s first patron was the Soviet Union — through Czechoslovakia — which supplied weapons before and after 1948 in the hopes of using Israel to gain a foothold in the eastern Mediterranean. Israel, aware of the risks of losing autonomy, also moved into a relationship with a declining great power that was fighting to retain its empire: France. Struggling to hold onto Algeria and in constant tension with Arabs, France saw Israel as a natural ally. And apart from the operation against Suez in 1956, Israel saw in France a patron that was not in a position to reduce Israeli autonomy. However, with the end of the Algerian war and the realignment of France in the Arab world, Israel became a liability to France and, after 1967, Israel lost French patronage.

Israel did not become a serious ally of the Americans until after 1967. Such an alliance was in the American interest. The United States had, as a strategic imperative, the goal of keeping the Soviet navy out of the Mediterranean or, at least, blocking its unfettered access. That meant that Turkey, controlling the Bosporus, had to be kept in the American bloc. Syria and Iraq shifted policies in the late 1950s and by the mid-1960s had been armed by the Soviets. This made Turkey’s position precarious: If the Soviets pressed from the north while Syria and Iraq pressed from the south, the outcome would be uncertain, to say the least, and the global balance of power was at stake.

The United States used Iran to divert Iraq’s attention. Israel was equally useful in diverting Syria’s attention. So long as Israel threatened Syria from the south, it could not divert its forces to the north. That helped secure Turkey at a relatively low cost in aid and risk. By aligning itself with the interests of a great power, Israel lost some of its room for maneuver: For example, in 1973, it was limited by the United States in what it could do to Egypt. But those limitations aside, it remained autonomous internally and generally free to pursue its strategic interests.

Celebrating the Camp David Accords, September 1978: Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Egyptian President Anwar El-Sadat (Source: Bill Fitz-Patrick, public domain)

The end of hostilities with Egypt, guaranteed by the Sinai buffer zone, created a new era for Israel. Egypt was restored to its traditional position, Jordan was a marginal power on the east bank, Lebanon was in its normal, unstable mode, and only Syria was a threat. However, it was a threat that Israel could easily deal with. Syria by itself could not threaten the survival of Israel.

Following Camp David (an ironic name), Israel was in its Davidic model, in a somewhat modified sense. Its survival was not at stake. Its problems — the domination of a large, hostile population and managing events in the northern Levant — were subcritical (meaning that, though these were not easy tasks, they did not represent fundamental threats to national survival, so long as Israel retained national unity). When unified, Israel has never been threatened by its neighbors. Geography dictates against it.

Israel’s danger will come only if a great power seeks to dominate the Mediterranean Basin or to occupy the region between Afghanistan and the Mediterranean. In the short period since the fall of the Soviet Union, this has been impossible. There has been no great power with the appetite and the will for such an adventure. But 15 years is not even a generation, and Israel must measure its history in centuries.

It is the nature of the international system to seek balance. The primary reality of the world today is the overwhelming power of the United States. The United States makes few demands on Israel that matter. However, it is the nature of things that the United States threatens the interests of other great powers who, individually weak, will try to form coalitions against it. Inevitably, such coalitions will arise. That will be the next point of danger for Israel.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress in March 2015 — warning of dangers to Israel if Washington reaches an accord with Iran. (Public domain)

In the event of a global rivalry, the United States might place onerous requirements on Israel. Alternatively, great powers might move into the Jordan River valley or ally with Syria, move into Lebanon or ally with Israel. The historical attraction of the eastern shore of the Mediterranean would focus the attention of such a power and lead to attempts to assert control over the Mediterranean or create a secure Middle Eastern empire. In either event, or some of the others discussed, it would create a circumstance in which Israel might face a Babylonian catastrophe or be forced into some variation of Persian or Roman subjugation.

Israel’s danger is not a Palestinian rising. Palestinian agitation is an irritant that Israel can manage so long as it does not undermine Israeli unity. Whether it is managed by domination or by granting the Palestinians a vassal state matters little. Nor can Israel be threatened by its neighbors. Even a unified attack by Syria and Egypt would fail, for the reasons discussed.

Israel’s real threat, as can be seen in history, lies in the event of internal division and/or a great power, coveting Israel’s geographical position, marshaling force that is beyond its capacity to resist. Even that can be managed if Israel has a patron whose interests involve denying the coast to another power.

Israel’s reality is this. It is a small country, yet must manage threats arising far outside of its region. It can survive only if it maneuvers with great powers commanding enormously greater resources. Israel cannot match the resources and, therefore, it must be constantly clever. There are periods when it is relatively safe because of great power alignments, but its normal condition is one of global unease. No nation can be clever forever, and Israel’s history shows that some form of subordination is inevitable. Indeed, it is to a very limited extent subordinate to the United States now.

For Israel, the retention of a Davidic independence is difficult. Israel’s strategy must be to manage its subordination effectively by dealing with its patron cleverly, as it did with Persia. But cleverness is not a geopolitical concept. It is not permanent, and it is not assured. And that is the perpetual crisis of Jerusalem.

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Russia Enters Syria – Is it Geopolitics or Prophecy?

John R. Houk

© September 30, 2015

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The Geopolitics of Israel: Biblical and Modern

 

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